On-Off Hire Condition & Bunker Surveys

By Capt A R Brink

On-Hire / Off-Hire surveys are a requirement for the commercial trade of vessels which are hired from their Owners by Charterers who trade the cargo internationally. The survey of the vessel is undertaken either before the vessel is delivered into a Charter, or re-delivered from a Charter. The reports should include a detailed description of the vessel itself, the structural condition of the cargo spaces and main deck areas surrounding the various cargo compartments and hatches, the ship’s hatch covers, the cargo gear (cranes), cargo space and compartment physical condition as well as paint coating and cleanliness, the quantity of bunkers remaining on board, verification of the validity with respect to the vessel’s certification (Statutory and Classification), portable equipment and securing materials, container securing equipment and so on.

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Load line rules in South Africa

This article was written by Capt Allen Brink and published in UK P&I Club LP News.

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Glossary of Marine Terms

A useful collection of words associated with the various constituent parts of a ship.

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The Beaufort wind scale

The Beaufort scale, which is used in Met Office marine forecasts, is an empirical measure for describing wind intensity based on observed sea conditions.

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Entry into enclosed spaces

General Precautions
Do not enter an enclosed space unless authorized by the master or a responsible officer and only after all the appropriate safety checks listed have been carried out. The atmosphere in any enclosed space may be incapable of supporting human life. It may be lacking in oxygen content or contain flammable or toxic gases.

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The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

The International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code lays out a collection of regulations to ensure hazardous materials are transported via safe maritime practices. The IMDG Code breaks down dangerous goods into nine categories to help companies better handle hazardous materials. The code provides procedures and policies for handling these goods depending on the class of material.

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Draft survey formulae

A draft survey is a method of cargo weight determination by ship’s displacement calculations, empty and loaded (or loaded and empty), taking into account any change in weight of the liquids on board.

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Dangerous cargo stowage segregation

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Wire rope clips

A helpful document that shows the correct fitting methods

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